What is the NEET exam?

The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (Undergraduate) or NEET (UG), formerly the All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT), is an all India pre-medical entrance test for students who wish to pursue undergraduate medical (MBBS), dental (BDS) and AYUSH (BAMS, BUMS, BHMS, etc.)

Before NEET (UG) was implemented nationwide, states conducted their own entrance tests and some prestigious medical colleges like AIIMS, JIPMER, IMS-BHU, KMC Manipal & Mangalore and CMC Vellore conducted their own entrance exams.

NEET was initially proposed to take place from 2012 onwards.[8] However, for several reasons, the CBSE and Medical Council of India deferred NEET by a year.[9] The test was announced by the Government of India and was held for the first time on 5 May 2013 across India for students seeking admission for both undergraduate and postgraduate medicine.[10] On 18 July 2013, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of 115 petitions and cancelled the NEET exam and announced that the MCI could not interfere with the admission process done by colleges.

Exam pattern and structure

There are a total of 180 questions asked in the exam, 45 questions each from Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Zoology. Each correct response fetches 4 marks and each incorrect response gets -1 negative marking. The exam duration is 3 hours 20 minutes (200 min). The exam is of 720 marks (maximum marks).

Since 2021, there has been a significant alteration in the format of the question paper. The latest structure includes two sections, i.e. A and B, in all four subjects, namely Physics, Chemistry, Botany, and Zoology. Section A comprises 35 mandatory questions, while Section B contains 15 questions, out of which 10 questions are to be answered, leading to a total of 200 questions, with 180 questions that can be answered.


NEET (UG) syllabus consists of the core concepts of Physics, Chemistry and Biology taught in classes 11 and 12 as prescribed by the NCERT.

Number of applicants by year

Year Date of Examination No. of candidates Registered No. of candidates Appeared Reference Report
2013 5 May 2013 717,127 658,040 [24]
2015 Exam not held (AIPMT held instead) [32]
2015 Exam not held (AIPMT held instead) [32]
2016 1 May 2016 (Phase I) 802,594 731,233 [25]
2016 24 July 2021 (Phase II) 802,594 731,233 [25]
2017 7 May 2017 1,138,890 1,090,085 [26]
2018 6 May 2018 1,326,725 1,269,922 [27]
2019 5 May 2019 1,519,375 1,410,755 [28]
2020 13 September 2020 1,597,435 1,366,945 [29]
2021 12 September 2021 1,614,777 1,544,275 [30]
2022 17 July 2022 1,872,343 1,764,571 [31]
2023 7 May 2023 20,87,462 20,36,316 [32]
2024 1 May 2024 [33]

Exam cutoff 2019

Category Minimum Qualifying Percentile
Unreserved (UR) 50th Percentile
Unreserved PH (UR-PH) 45th Percentile
Scheduled Caste (SC) 40th Percentile
Scheduled Tribe (ST) 40th Percentile
Other Backward Classes (OBC) 40th Percentile
SC-PH 40th Percentile
ST-PH 40th Percentile
OBC-PH 40th Percentile